How to ready for Japan Travel

Japan Travel Guide

Through this japan travel guide we will guide you some very important things; which will be very useful for you before visiting here. Japan is one of most beautiful countries in world; japanese is the official language, yen is the currency & tokyo is the capital. Peoples can also understand & speak English Language too. Since the Jesuits 1st visited here in the 17th century travelers { travel insurance } to the country have found themselves entranced by culture that is by turn beautiful unfathomable & downright odd. It is a sovereign island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian mainland and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and China in the southwest.

Japan Travel
Japan Travel Guide

Coordinates 35°N 136°E The kanji that make up Japan’s name mean “sun origin”, and it is often called the “Land of the Rising Sun”. Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan’s land area and often are referred to as home islands. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor.

Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma—and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism.

The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation by the SCAP, Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.

A Paleolithic culture around 30,000 BC constitutes the first known habitation of the Japanese archipelago. This was followed from around 14,000 BC by a Mesolithic to Neolithic semi-sedentary hunter-gatherer culture characterized by pit dwelling and rudimentary agriculture, including by ancestors of contemporary Ainu people and Yamato people.

Decorated clay vessels from this period are some of the oldest surviving examples of pottery in the world. Around 300 BC, the Yayoi people began to enter the Japanese islands, intermingling with the Jōmon. The Yayoi period, starting around 500 BC, saw the introduction of practices like wet-rice farming, a new style of pottery and metallurgy, introduced from China and Korea. Japan first appears in written history in the Chinese Book of Han.

According to the Records of the Three Kingdoms, the most powerful kingdom on the archipelago during the third century was called Yamataikoku. Buddhism was introduced to Japan from Baekje, Korea and was promoted by Prince Shōtoku, but the subsequent development of Japanese Buddhism was primarily influenced by China. Despite early resistance, Buddhism was promoted by the ruling class and gained widespread acceptance beginning in the Asuka period (592–710). The Nara period (710–784) marked an emergence of the centralized Japanese state centered on the Imperial Court in Heijō-kyō.

The Nara period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent literature as well as the development of Buddhist-inspired art and architecture. The smallpox epidemic of 735–737 is believed to have killed as much as one-third of Japan’s population. In 784, Emperor Kanmu moved the capital from Nara to Nagaoka-kyō, then to Heian-kyō in 794. This marked the beginning of the Heian period (794–1185), during which a distinctly indigenous Japanese culture emerged, noted for its art, poetry and prose.

Murasaki Shikibu’s The Tale of Genji and the lyrics of Japan’s national anthem “Kimigayo” were written during this time. Buddhism began to spread during the Heian era chiefly through two major sects, Tendai by Saichō and Shingon by Kūkai. Pure Land Buddhism became greatly popular in the latter half of the 11th century. Japan’s feudal era was characterized by the emergence and dominance of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai. In 1185, following the defeat of the Taira clan in the Genpei War, sung in the epic Tale of Heike, samurai Minamoto no Yoritomo was appointed shōgun by Emperor Go-Toba, and Yoritomo established a base of power in Kamakura.

After his death, the Hōjō clan came to power as regents for the shōguns. The Zen school of Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period (1185–1333) and became popular among the samurai class.The Kamakura shogunate repelled Mongol invasions in 1274 and 1281, but was eventually overthrown by Emperor Go-Daigo. Emperor Go-Daigo was himself defeated by Ashikaga Takauji in 1336. Ashikaga Takauji established the shogunate in Muromachi, Kyoto.

This was the start of the Muromachi period (1336–1573). The Ashikaga shogunate achieved glory at the age of Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, and the culture based on Zen Buddhism prospered. This evolved to Higashiyama Culture, and prospered until the 16th century. On the other hand, the succeeding Ashikaga shogunate failed to control the feudal warlords and a civil war began in 1467, opening the century-long Sengoku period.

During the 16th century, traders and Jesuit missionaries from Portugal reached Japan for the first time, initiating direct commercial and cultural exchange between Japan and the West. This allowed Oda Nobunaga to obtain European technology and firearms, which he used to conquer many other daimyōs. His consolidation of power began what was known as the Azuchi–Momoyama period (1573–1603).

After Nobunaga was assassinated in 1582 by Akechi Mitsuhide, his successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified the nation in 1590 and launched two unsuccessful invasions of Korea in 1592 and 1597. Tokugawa Ieyasu served as regent for Hideyoshi’s son and used his position to gain political and military support.When open war broke out, Ieyasu defeated rival clans in the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600.

Tokugawa Ieyasu was appointed shōgun by Emperor Go-Yōzei in 1603 and established the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo. The shogunate enacted measures including buke shohatto, as a code of conduct to control the autonomous daimyōs; and in 1639 the isolationist sakoku policy that spanned the two and a half centuries of tenuous political unity known as the Edo period (1603–1868). The study of Western sciences, known as rangaku, continued through contact with the Dutch enclave at Dejima in Nagasaki. The Edo period also gave rise to kokugaku, the study of Japan by the Japanese.

Japan Food

Japanes Food encompasses the regional and traditional foods of Japan, which have developed through centuries of social and economic changes. The traditional cuisine of Japan is based on rice with miso soup and other dishes; there is an emphasis on seasonal ingredients. Side dishes often consist of fish, pickled vegetables, and vegetables cooked in broth. Seafood is common, often grilled, but also served raw as sashimi or in sushi.

Seafood and vegetables are also deep-fried in a light batter, as tempura. Apart from rice, staples include noodles, such as soba and udon. Japan also has many simmered dishes such as fish products in broth called oden, or beef in sukiyaki and nikujaga. Japanese cuisine is based on combining the staple food, which is steamed white rice or gohan, with one or several okazu or main dishes and side dishes.

This may be accompanied by a clear or miso soup and tsukemono.The phrase ichijū-sansai refers to the makeup of a typical meal served, but has roots in classic kaiseki, honzen, and yūsoku cuisine. The term is also used to describe the first course served in standard kaiseki cuisine nowadays. The small rice bowl or chawan doubles as a word for the large tea bowls in tea ceremonies. Thus in common speech, the drinking cup is referred to as yunomi-jawan or yunomi for the purpose of distinction.

In the olden days, among the nobility, each course of a full-course Japanese meal would be brought on serving napkins called zen, which were originally platformed trays or small dining tables. In the modern age, faldstool trays or stackup-type legged trays may still be seen used in zashiki, i.e. tatami-mat rooms, for large banquets or at a ryokan type inn. Some restaurants might use the suffix -zen as a more sophisticated though dated synonym to the more familiar teishoku, since the latter basically is a term for a combo meal served at a taishū-shokudō, akin to a diner.

Teishoku means a meal of fixed menu, a dinner à prix fixe served at shokudō or ryōriten, which is somewhat vague; but e.g. Ishikawa, Hiroyoshi. Taishū bunka jiten. Kōbundō. p. 516. defines it as fare served at teishoku dining hall, etc., a diner-like establishment. As Japan is an island nation surrounded by an ocean, its people have always taken advantage of the abundant seafood supply.

It is the opinion of some food scholars that the Japanese diet always relied mainly on “grains with vegetables or seaweeds as main, with poultry secondary, and red meat in slight amounts” even before the advent of Buddhism which placed an even stronger taboo.The eating of “four-legged creatures” was spoken of as taboo, unclean or something to be avoided by personal choice through the Edo period. The consumption of whale and terrapin meat were not forbidden under this definition. Despite this, the consumption of red meat did not completely disappear in Japan.

Eating wild game—as opposed to domesticated livestock—was tolerated; in particular, trapped hare was counted using the measure word wa, a term normally reserved for birds. Vegetable consumption has dwindled while processed foods have become more prominent in Japanese households due to the rising costs of general foodstuffs. Nonetheless, Kyoto vegetables, or Kyoyasai, are rising in popularity and different varieties of Kyoto vegetables are being revived.

Japan Currency

Yen is the currency of Japan. The concept of the yen was a component of the Meiji government’s modernization program of Japan’s economy; which postulated the pursuit of a uniform currency throughout the country modeled after the European decimal currency system. Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan’s feudal fiefs all issued their own money, hansatsu, in an array of incompatible denominations. The New Currency Act of 1871 did away with these and established the yen, which was defined as 1.5 g of gold, or 24.26 g of silver, as the new decimal currency.

The former han became prefectures and their mints private chartered banks, which initially retained the right to print money. To bring an end to this situation the Bank of Japan was founded in 1882 and given a monopoly on controlling the money supply. The Japanese then decided to adopt a silver dollar coinage under the name of ‘yen’, meaning ‘a round object’. The yen was officially adopted by the Meiji government in an Act signed on June 27, 1871.

The new currency was gradually introduced beginning from July of that year. The yen was therefore basically a dollar unit, like all dollars, descended from the Spanish Pieces of eight, and up until the year 1873, all the dollars in the world had more or less the same value. The yen replaced Tokugawa coinage, a complex monetary system of the Edo period based on the mon.

The New Currency Act of 1871, stipulated the adoption of the decimal accounting system of yen , sen, and rin, with the coins being round and manufactured using Western machinery. The yen was legally defined as 0.78 troy ounces of pure silver, or 1.5 grams of pure gold, hence putting it on a bimetallic standard.

Passport

It is issued to Japanese citizens to travel outside Japan.

Ordinary Passport

It is issued to normal Japanese citizens.

Official Passport

It is issued to members of the National Diet and public servants.

Diplomatic Passport

Issued to members of the Imperial Family, diplomats and their family members, and high-level government officials.

Sports

Traditionally, sumo is considered Japan’s national sport. Japanese martial arts such as judo, karate and kendo are also widely practiced and enjoyed by spectators in the country. After the Meiji Restoration, many Western sports were introduced in Japan and began to spread through the education system.Japan hosted the Summer Olympics in Tokyo in 1964 and the Winter Olympics in Sapporo in 1972 and Nagano in 1998.

Further, the country hosted the official 2006 Basketball World Championship. Tokyo will host the 2020 Summer Olympics, making Tokyo the first Asian city to host the Olympics twice.The country gained the hosting rights for the official Women’s Volleyball World Championship on five occasions (1967, 1998, 2006, 2010, 2018), more than any other nation. Japan is the most successful Asian Rugby Union country, winning the Asian Five Nations a record 6 times and winning the newly formed IRB Pacific Nations Cup in 2011. Japan will host the 2019 IRB Rugby World Cup. Baseball is currently the most popular spectator sport in the country.

Japan’s top professional league, now known as Nippon Professional Baseball, was established in 1936 and is widely considered to be the highest level of professional baseball in the world outside of the North American Major Leagues. Since the establishment of the Japan Professional Football League in 1992, association football has also gained a wide following.

Japan was a venue of the Intercontinental Cup from 1981 to 2004 and co-hosted the 2002 FIFA World Cup with South Korea. Japan has one of the most successful football teams in Asia, winning the Asian Cup four times. Also, Japan recently won the FIFA Women’s World Cup in 2011. Golf is also popular in Japan, as are forms of auto racing like the Super GT series and Formula Nippon.The country has produced one NBA player, Yuta Tabuse.

Festivals

There are no specific festival days for all of Japan; dates vary from area to area, and even within a specific area, but festival days do tend to cluster around traditional holidays such as Setsubun or Obon. Festivals are often based around one event, with food stalls, entertainment, and carnival games to keep people entertained.

Its usually sponsored by a local shrine or temple, though they can be secular. Notable festival often feature processions which may include elaborate floats. Preparation for these processions is usually organised at the level of neighborhoods, or machi. Prior to these, the local kami may be ritually installed in mikoshi and paraded through the streets, such as Gion in Kyoto, and Hadaka in Okayama.

Climate of Japan

The climate of Japan is predominantly temperate, but varies greatly from north to south. Japan’s geographical features divide it into six principal climatic zones: Hokkaido, Sea of Japan, Central Highland, Seto Inland Sea, Pacific Ocean, and Ryukyu Islands. The northernmost zone, Hokkaido, has a humid continental climate with long, cold winters and very warm to cool summers.

Precipitation is not heavy, but the islands usually develop deep snowbanks in the winter. In the Sea of Japan zone on Honshu’s west coast, northwest winter winds bring heavy snowfall. In the summer, the region is cooler than the Pacific area, though it sometimes experiences extremely hot temperatures because of the foehn.

The Central Highland has a typical inland humid continental climate, with large temperature differences between summer and winter seasons, as well as large diurnal variation; precipitation is light, though winters are usually snowy. The mountains of the Chūgoku and Shikoku regions shelter the Seto Inland Sea from seasonal winds, bringing mild weather year-round.

The Pacific coast features a humid subtropical climate that experiences milder winters with occasional snowfall and hot, humid summers because of the southeast seasonal wind. The Ryukyu Islands and Nanpō Islands have a subtropical climate, with warm winters and hot summers. Precipitation is very heavy, especially during the rainy season.

The average winter temperature in Japan is 5.1 °C and the average summer temperature is 25.2 °C. The highest temperature ever measured in Japan 41.1 °C was recorded on July 23, 2018. The main rainy season begins in early May in Okinawa, and the rain front gradually moves north until reaching Hokkaido in late July. In most of Honshu, the rainy season begins before the middle of June and lasts about six weeks. In late summer and early autumn, typhoons often bring heavy rain.

Music and Cinema

Japan has one of the oldest and largest film industries in the world; movies have been produced in Japan since 1897. Three Japanese films made the Sight & Sound’s 2002 Critics and Directors Poll for the best films of all time. Ishirō Honda’s Godzilla became an international icon of Japan and spawned an entire subgenre of kaiju films, as well as the longest-running film franchise in history.

The most acclaimed Japanese film directors include Akira Kurosawa, Kenji Mizoguchi, Yasujiro Ozu and Shohei Imamura. Japan has won the Academy Award for the Best Foreign Language Film four times, more than any other Asian country. Japanese music is eclectic and diverse. Many instruments, such as the koto, were introduced in the 9th and 10th centuries.

The accompanied recitative of the Noh drama dates from the 14th century and the popular folk music, with the guitar-like shamisen, from the sixteenth. Western classical music, introduced in the late 19th century, now forms an integral part of Japanese culture. The imperial court ensemble Gagaku has influenced the work of some modern Western composers.

Notable classical composers from Japan include Toru Takemitsu and Rentarō Taki. Popular music in post-war Japan has been heavily influenced by American and European trends, which has led to the evolution of J-pop, or Japanese popular music. Karaoke is the most widely practiced cultural activity in Japan. A 1993 survey by the Cultural Affairs Agency found that more Japanese had sung karaoke that year than had participated in traditional pursuits such as flower arranging or tea ceremonies.

Wildlife Attractions in Japan

Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park
Shiretoko National Park
Daisetsuzan National Park
Akan National Park
Sanin Kaigan National Park
Daisen-Oki National Park
Setonaikai National Park
Ashizuri-Uwakai National Park
Kushiro Shitsugen National Park
Nikkō National Park
Oze National Park
Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park
Jōshinetsu Kogen National Park
Ogasawara National Park
Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park
Suigō-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park
Minami Bōsō Quasi-National Park

Meiji no Mori Takao Quasi-National Park
Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park
Shikotsu-Tōya National Park
Abashiri Quasi-National Park
Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Park
Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku Quasi-National Park
Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Park
Kita Nagato Kaigan Quasi-National Park
Akiyoshidai Quasi-National Park
Tsurugisan Quasi-National Park

Muroto-Anan Kaigan Quasi-National Park
Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park
Ise-Shima National Park
Yoshino-Kumano National Park
Echigo Sanzan-Tadami Quasi-National Park
Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kōgen Quasi-National Park
Sado-Yahiko-Yoneyama Quasi-National Park
Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park
Echizen-Kaga Kaigan Quasi-National Park
Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Park
Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park
Ibi-Sekigahara-Yōrō Quasi-National Park


Hida-Kisogawa Quasi-National Park
Aichi Kōgen Quasi-National Park
Mikawa Wan Quasi-National Park
Hidaka-sanmyaku Erimo Quasi-National Park
Niseko-Shakotan-Otaru Kaigan Quasi-National Park
Ōnuma Quasi-National Park
Chūbu-Sangaku National Park
Hakusan National Park
Minami Alps National Park
Saikai National Park
Unzen-Amakusa National Park
Aso-Kujū National Park
Kirishima-Kinkōwan National Park
Yakushima National Park
Amami Guntō National Park
Iriomote-Ishigaki National Park
Kerama Shotō National Park
Yanbaru National Park
Myōkō-Togakushi Renzan National Park
Shokanbetsu-Teuri-Yagishiri Quasi-National Park
Towada-Hachimantai National Park
Sanriku Fukkō National Park
Bandai-Asahi National Park
Shimokita Hantō Quasi-National Park
Tsugaru Quasi-National Park
Hayachine Quasi-National Park
Kurikoma Quasi-National Park
Minami-Sanriku Kinkazan Quasi-National Park
Zaō Quasi-National Park
Oga Quasi-National Park
Suzuka Quasi-National Park
Wakasa Wan Quasi-National Park
Tango-Amanohashidate-Ōeyama Quasi-National Park
Biwako Quasi-National Park
Murō-Akame-Aoyama Quasi-National Park
Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen Quasi-National Park
Kitakyūshū Quasi-National Park
Genkai Quasi-National Park
Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Park
Iki-Tsushima Quasi-National Park
Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi Quasi-National Park
Nippō Kaigan Quasi-National Park
Sobo Katamuki Quasi-National Park
Nichinan Kaigan Quasi-National Park
Okinawa Kaigan Quasi-National Park
Okinawa Senseki Quasi-National Park
Yamato-Aogaki Quasi-National Park
Kōya-Ryūjin Quasi-National Park
Meiji no Mori Minō Quasi-National Park
Kyoto Tamba Kogen Quasi-National Park
Chōkai Quasi-National Park

Hotels in Japan

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