India Travel Guide About Rajghat Cemetery

Rajghat Cemetery of Mahatma Gandhi Ji

Delhi which the capital of India is world famous for delicious food & tourism locations. Rajghat Cemetery is one of most famous places in delhi. Rajghat Cemetery is dedicated to great human & freedom fighter M.K Gandhi Ji. M.k Gandhi Ji is known as father of nation in India. Rajghat Cemetery is located on the bank of Yamuna River. A sombre black granite platform inscribed with gandhi ji’s last word ” Hey Ram” now stands here. It is left open to the sky while an eternal flame burns perpetually at one end.Close to it, and east of Daryaganj was Rajghat Gate of the walled city, opening at Rajghat on Yamuna River. Later the rajghat cemetery area was also called Rajghat. Rajghat cemetery has a park adorned with trees planted by visiting dignitaries and heads of state. Rajghat Cemetery is 44.35 acers in total area. Raj Ghat loosely translates to King’s Bank.

Rajghat Cemetery
Rajghat Memorial of Mahatma Gandhi Ji in Delhi

Several other samādhis or cremation spots of other famous leaders can be found in the vicinity of Raj Ghat. The landscaping and planting of these revered memorials was performed by Alick Percy-Lancaster, the last Englishman to hold the post of Superintendent of Horticultural Operations, Government of India. Jawaharlal Nehru’s samadhi is to the north of the Raj Ghat and is known as the Shantivan or Shanti Vana meaning the “forest of peace”. Adjacent to Nehru’s memorial is Ekta sthal, the site where K. R. Narayanan, tenth President of India, was cremated with full state honours in 2005.

M.K Gandhi Ji

Shri Mohandas Karamchandi Gandhi Ji who was very well known as M.K Gandhi Ji ; is the ‘Father of Nation’ of India. He was born 2-oct-1869 in ‘Porbandar’ a city of Gujarat. He supported World War I effort with resources and Indian combat troops fighting in Europe on the British side. He is most remembered as a champion of nonviolence and truth, applying them as powerful political means.

Gandhi famously led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India.

He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest. He was religious pluralism and a united democratic independent India.

Mahatma Gandhi Ji
Gandhi Ji

This was, however, challenged by Muslim nationalism which demanded a separate Muslim homeland carved out of India. Eventually, in August 1947, Britain granted independence, but the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions, a Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan. As many displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs made their way to their new lands, religious violence broke out, especially in the Punjab and Bengal. Eschewing the official celebration of independence in Delhi, Gandhi visited the affected areas, attempting to provide solace. In the months following, he undertook several fasts unto death to stop religious violence.

The last of these was undertaken on 12 January 1948 when he was 78. The family’s religious background was eclectic. Gandhi’s father Karamchand was Hindu and his mother Putlibai was from a Pranami Vaishnava Hindu family. Gandhi’s father was of Modh Baniya caste in the varna of Vaishya. His mother came from the medieval Krishna bhakti-based Pranami tradition, whose religious texts include the Bhagavad Gita, the Bhagavata Purana, and a collection of 14 texts with teachings that the tradition believes to include the essence of the Vedas, the Quran and the Bible.Gandhi was deeply influenced by his mother, an extremely pious lady who “would not think of taking her meals without her daily prayers;she would take the hardest vows and keep them without flinching.

Last Journey of Gandhi Ji
M.K Gandhi Ji Dead Body

To keep two or three consecutive fasts was nothing to her. In 1874, Gandhi’s father Karamchand left Porbandar for the smaller state of Rajkot, where he became a counsellor to its ruler, the Thakur Sahib; though Rajkot was a less prestigious state than Porbandar, the British regional political agency was located there, which gave the state’s diwan a measure of security. In 1876, Karamchand became diwan of Rajkot and was succeeded as diwan of Porbandar by his brother Tulsidas. His family then rejoined him in Rajkot.

In London he studied law and jurisprudence and enrolled at the Inner Temple with the intention of becoming a barrister. His childhood shyness and self withdrawal had continued through his teens, and he remained so when he arrived in London, but he joined a public speaking practice group and overcame this handicap to practise law. His time in London was influenced by the vow he had made to his mother.

He tried to adopt “English” customs, including taking dancing lessons. However, he could not appreciate the bland vegetarian food offered by his landlady and was frequently hungry until he found one of London’s few vegetarian restaurants. Influenced by Henry Salt’s writing, he joined the Vegetarian Society, was elected to its executive committee, and started a local Bayswater chapter. Some of the vegetarians he met were members of the Theosophical Society, which had been founded in 1875 to further universal brotherhood, and which was devoted to the study of Buddhist and Hindu literature.

They encouraged Gandhi to join them in reading the Bhagavad Gita both in translation as well as in the original.Gandhi, at age 22, was called to the bar in June 1891 and then left London for India, where he learned that his mother had died while he was in London and that his family had kept the news from him. His attempts at establishing a law practice in Bombay failed because he was psychologically unable to cross-examine witnesses. He returned to Rajkot to make a modest living drafting petitions for litigants, but he was forced to stop when he ran foul of a British officer.

In 1893, a Muslim merchant in Kathiawar named Dada Abdullah contacted Gandhi. Abdullah owned a large successful shipping business in South Africa. His distant cousin in Johannesburg needed a lawyer, and they preferred someone with Kathiawari heritage. Gandhi inquired about his pay for the work. They offered a total salary of £105 plus travel expenses. He accepted it, knowing that it would be at least one year commitment in the Colony of Natal, South Africa, also a part of the British Empire. On 30-Jan-1948 he was killed by Nathuram Godse.

Nathuram Vinayak Godse

He was born 19-may-1910 & was died 15 November 1949 at the age of 39 in Ambala Prision. He was a right wing advocate of Hindu Nationalism. He was an ex member of “RSS { Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh }” from “Pune.” He was born to Chitpavan Brahmin family of Pune.

His father name Vinayak Vamanrao Godse, & his mother name was Lakshmi. He was given his name because of an unfortunate incident. Before he was born, his parents had three sons and a daughter, with all three boys dying in their infancy.

Killer of Gandhi Ji
Nathuram Godse

He started a Marathi language newspaper for the Hindu Mahasabha called Agrani, which some years later was renamed Hindu Rashtra. Godse rejected Gandhi’s philosophy, believing Gandhi repeatedly sabotaged the interests of Hindus by using the “fasting unto death” tactic on many issues.

He Joined Rss in Sangli { Maharashtra } in 1932 as a boudhik karyawah and simultaneously remained a member of the Hindu Mahasabha, both right wing organizations that occasionally participated in the freedom struggle.

He participated in protest marches including the protests of 1938-39 in Bhagyanagar against the Nizam of Hyderabad who was trying to turn Hyderabad into an Islamic state for which he was jailed for a short duration. He shot Gandhi in the chest three times at point-blank range with a Beretta M 1934 semi-automatic pistol.